The term “glaucoma” has a high search interest rate amongst Australians. It is being looked up in Google all the time and you will be surprised to know that the reason behind the frequent search is because there is a growing number of people who are affected by it. In Australia alone, the estimate is around 300,000. Another reason why people want to know more about glaucoma is that it can cause vision loss and is irreversible.
Scary? Yes. But it is preventable if you do some precautionary measures. The first line of defence against glaucoma is awareness. The very fact that you are reading this blog right now is already a good indication that you are concerned about eye care. Keep up the good work by reading and consulting your eye care specialist about your findings on books and on the internet. Meanwhile, the next and is the most important step towards prevention is early detection and treatment. How are you able to do this? Get your eyes checked regularly by a certified eye care professional.
Now, this blog will not answer all your questions about glaucoma right away. Glaucoma is a very broad subject and your readings should not stop here. With this blog, we aim to give you some of the most important facts to remember about this disease. Are you ready? Here we go.
Glaucoma is a very common eye disease and is, in fact, the second cause of blindness next to cataract, according to the World Health Organisation.
Glaucoma happens when the optic nerve is damaged. The optic nerve connects our eyes to the brain and is responsible for carrying vision information from the eye to the brain.
Damages in the optic nerve are caused by fluid pressure inside the eye
Two in every 100 Australians will develop glaucoma in their lifetime. That is how common this eye disease is.
If you have a first-degree family member who has glaucoma, you should have your eyes checked if you haven’t yet. Do not wait for signs as glaucoma can develop without showing any major symptoms. Know that genetic factors play a key role in all major forms of glaucoma meaning you are about 10 more times at risk of developing it too.
Not experiencing pain is what causes people to disregard the discomfort of having blurred or no peripheral vision (side vision). That is why glaucoma goes undetected in most cases. Do not let your eyes be a casualty of glaucoma. Go to your eye care specialist right away if you think your peripheral vision is compromised.
The three common symptoms of this eye disease are:
Loss of peripheral vision
Painless blurred vision
Difficulty adjusting to low light
Other than having a family history of glaucoma, who else is at risk?
People over 60 years old
Previous Eye Injury
Short or long sightedness
There is also a type of glaucoma that affects children. This is called Primary Congenital Glaucoma (PCG). It is diagnosed at birth or within a child’s first three years. It affects 1 in 10,000 infants.
There is no cure for glaucoma. The treatments available for patients are only there to prevent or slow down the further loss of sight. Glaucoma treatments available include medication, laser, and surgery.
Now that we’ve got your attention about glaucoma, it is up to you to learn more about this serious eye disease. But, never do self-detection. Glaucoma must be tested by certified eye care specialists such an optometrist or an ophthalmologist. If you are in Sydney and is needing to talk to a professional about it, you may come by and visit us at Shop 6 Piccadilly 210 Pitt St. You may set an appointment with us in advance HERE.